Fattah was born and raised in Philadelphia, Pa. She graduated from the University of Pennsylvania in 1997 with a BA in English and African American Studies. Fattah then worked as a Job Developer at People's Emergency Center, a shelter for women and children. While there, she also taught a class on workplace dynamics.
She left to work as the assistant coordinator at Penn's Center for Urban Health Research, working on HIV/AIDS prevention through the Mother-Son Health Promotion Project. In 1999, Fattah started law school at Fordham University. She was a legal intern in the summer of 2000 in the Clinton White House, joining the law firm Schnader Harrison as a litigation associate in 2002. During her time at Schnader, she was named a Super Lawyer "Rising Star" and participated as a board member of the Women's Law Project, Operation Understanding, Northeast Treatment Center, Belmont Elementary Charter School. She also supported the arts by serving as a trustee for the Pennsylvania Ballet, and as a member of NEXT, the young patron group of the Philadelphia Theatre Company. She served on the transition Ethics Committee of Mayor John Street, as he prepared for his second term. Fattah also served on the Young Lawyer Executive Committee of the Philadelphia Bar Association, and as an appointed member at large of the Young Lawyer Executive Council under two Chairmen.
Later, Fattah worked as the firmwide Manager of Diversity Initiatives for Wolf Block LLP, and served as the lawyer on the Tax Review Board. She was then hired as the Associate General Counsel for the Chester Upland School District, and was promoted to Deputy General Counsel in August 2008. In her current position, Fattah manages legal issues for the district in the areas of special education, school management, emergency management, alternative education, first amendment issues, public health, school safety, policy, unemployment compensation, truancy, and any issues concerning child abuse or homeless students.