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Stratification and the Emergence of the Post-Secondary Private Education Sector in Vietnam

Global Education Colloquium

April 21, 2015
Kimberly A. Goyette, Ph.D., Temple University

Private education is the fastest-growing sector of post-secondary education in Asia and worldwide.  This growth is especially notable in developing countries with a long history of state-controlled, public education.  Vietnam has had a strong public, post-secondary education sector that has only recently begun to experience growth in non-public institutions.  In this research, I investigate how the growth of the private sector may influence stratification in Vietnam.  I find that private and other types of non-public institutions are more likely to serve more advantaged students from South Vietnam. They pay higher costs to acquire their post-secondary credentials; however, these students also seem to choose more lucrative fields like science, technology and engineering, and business, perhaps as a way to ensure good returns to this investment.  This research suggests that as the private sector in Vietnam expands, the influence of family background and region of residence on post-secondary attendance may grow.

About the Speaker

Kimberly A. Goyette is an associate professor of sociology and the director of the Center for Vietnamese Philosophy, Culture, and Society at Temple University.  Her recent work looks at relationships between schools, housing, and race in the U.S., and explores the privatization and internationalization of universities in Southeast Asia.