Research Program in Life Course Outcomes
PROGRAM AREA LEADER: PAUL SHATTUCK
This research looks at how life unfolds and what things either help or hinder better outcomes. Most of the current research is aimed at understanding services and related outcomes among youth on the autism spectrum as they leave high school and transition to young adulthood. Do they find work? How many go to college? Are young adults able to achieve social success? What kinds of services do people get, and what kinds do they need?
The Research Program in Life Course Outcomes is led by Paul Shattuck, Associate Professor at the A.J. Drexel Autism Institute. Dr. Shattuck conducts innovative research that informs advocacy, policy making, and service design for people living with developmental disabilities and special health care needs.
Shattuck’s work has been funded by the National Institute of Mental Health, the National Science Foundation, the Institute for Education Sciences, Autism Speaks, the Emch Foundation, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, and the Organization for Autism Research. His research publications have appeared in high-impact scientific journals including Pediatrics, Psychiatric Services, the Archives of Pediatrics and Adolescent Medicine, the American Journal of Public Health, and the Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry. He has also written op-ed pieces that have appeared in leading newspapers including the New York Times.
In 2009 Shattuck’s study on the age of diagnosis among children on the autism spectrum was recognized as one of the most important autism studies of the year by both Autism Speaks and the Federal Interagency Autism Coordinating Committee. Shattuck's 2011 study on the use of services by adults on the autism spectrum was recognized as one of the 20 most impactful scientific studies in the field of autism by the Interagency Autism Coordinating Committee. His study about postsecondary education and job outcomes among young adults on the autism spectrum was named one of the Top Ten Autism Research Advances of 2012 by Autism Speaks.
Dr. Shattuck frequently speaks about autism at scientific meetings and to groups of advocates, family members, service providers, and policy makers. He has also consulted with public and nonprofit agencies on the design and evaluation of services for people living with disabilities.
Shattuck’s professional background includes work in the nonprofit sector doing fundraising and developing programs. His education includes degrees in social work, sociology, and postdoctoral training in epidemiology.
Here is a list pf Dr. Shattuck's publications via Google Scholar: http://scholar.google.com/citations?user=RkxM8zIAAAAJ
Active research projects in this program area are listed here.
Transition to Adulthood for Youth on the Autism Spectrum
Funders: National Institute of Mental Health; Autism Speaks; Organization for Autism Research; Emch Foundation
Using data from a large national study, we describe service needs, social outcomes, postsecondary job and education experiences, and other quality of life indicators.
Predictors of Success in Postsecondary STEM Education and Employment
Funder: National Science Foundation
Using national data, we are looking at the experiences of college students on the autism spectrum who major in Science, Technology, Engineering, or Math (STEM) fields.
Factors Associated with Young Adult Outcomes
Funders: Autism Speaks; Institute for Education Sciences
Using national data, we are looking at the relationship between experiences during high school (like participation in extracurricular activities) and postsecondary life course outcomes (like getting a job or going to college).
National Indicators Project
Funder: Emch Foundation
National sources of data already exist that could provide timely, useful information to benchmark the outcomes of children and adults on the autism spectrum. This Internet-based project will harness this data and communicate nationally relevant findings. We will accelerate the awareness, use, analysis, and understanding of benchmark data across a range of topics that have direct practical application including age of diagnosis and entry to special services; access to services during childhood and adulthood; young adult outcomes like employment and college.